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Tuesday, May 28, 2013
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
Monday, June 3, 2013
In 1941, the Nazi regime, ordered the Jews in Germany to wear a Yellow Star of David inscribed with the word Jude (Jew). The following year, in June 1942, Jews in France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Slovakia, and other lands under German control were ordered to begin wearing Yellow Stars.  Betty Gerard shows the Yellow Star with the word Jood (Jew in Dutch) she was forced to wear as a child in the Westerbork Concentration Camp in the Netherlands.
Thursday, June 6, 2013
On June 5, 1942, the Nazis reported having killed 97,000 Jews in specially constructed gas vans. Friedrich August Jeckeln — who served as an SS and police leader in the occupied Soviet Union during World War II — testified in 1945 that Reich Leader Heinrich Himmler, who organized the mass murder of Jews, told him shootings were too impractical, so gas vans were devised as a more efficient system. The method was initially used against the mentally insane in Polish hospitals in 1939. By 1942 the Nazis had begun to deploy more than 36 of these specially designed and equipped vans.
Friday, June 7, 2013
Born in Coburg, Germany, on Nov 17, 1923, Harry Nomburg fled from Germany to the United Kingdom and fought with the British armed forces. He was attached as an interpreter to Commando Force. In this clip, Harry recalls landing on Normandy on D-Day, June 6.
Monday, June 10, 2013
Branko Lustig, who served as one of the producers on Schindler’s List reflects upon his experience when he returned to Auschwitz during the making of the 1980s television mini-series “War and Remembrance.”
Tuesday, June 11, 2013
Anna Heilman remembers fleeing from a burning building and making her way to the Aryan side during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943. Anna relates she was rounded up by the SS on May 3, 1943, was transported back and taken directly to the “Umschlagplatz” in the ghetto. She describes the liquidation of the Warsaw ghetto. Anna, along with her sister and parents, was deported to the Majdanek concentration camp that May.
Wednesday, June 12, 2013
When Holocaust survivor Eva Schloss was 23 years old her mother Fritzi married Otto Frank, making her the posthumous stepsister to Anne Frank, who had died eight years earlier in a concentration camp. Like Anne, Eva went into hiding in Holland, and was betrayed, captured, and sent to the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp. Years later Eva’s daughter, Caroline Anne Schloss, was named for Anne, and reminded Otto of his late daughter. Although they were not close friends, Eva remembers meeting Anne and playing with her as a child.
Thursday, June 13, 2013
Survivor Gad Ben-Meir recalls the Baghdad Pogrom of June 1-2, 1941, during the Jewish holiday of Shavuot, and what he saw looking out his window as a 9-year-old boy.
Friday, June 14, 2013
Sarah Ditman remembers witnessing the occupation of Paris, her city of birth, when the German armed forces invaded France on June 14, 1940. She recalls with sadness that as a young woman, she watched out her window as German soldiers were marching down the Champs-Elysées.
Monday, June 17, 2013
Marie speaks of her fondness for her father. She especially remembers not wanting to share his affection with her baby brother. “ I wanted to be the only one.” However, Marie notes that life for her family changed in 1939.
Thursday, June 20, 2013
In Soviet-occupied Dubienka, Poland, located by the Bug River and on the border with Ukraine, Sam Szor remembers the military fortification by German armed forces in anticipation of the upcoming invasion of the Soviet Union. He describes the invasion, which took place in the dawn of the morning hours of June 22, 1941. It was his birthday. He recalls the retreat of the Soviet armed forces and the resulting fear felt by the Jewish population with the German occupation of Dubienka.
Tuesday, June 25, 2013
Celina Biniaz, a “Schindler Jew”, remembers hearing about the end of the war while listening to an underground radio at the munitions factory set up by Oskar Schindler in the Brünnlitz concentration camp in Czechoslovakia. The Brünnlitz concentration camp was liberated by the Soviet armed forces in May 1945. With the approach of the Soviets, Oskar Schindler left and arranged for several of the camp personnel to leave as well. Celina Biniaz remembers her liberation and describes her liberators.
Thursday, June 27, 2013
Beatrice Becker speaks of the dangerous conditions facing the Jews of Iasi, Romania in late June 1941 when Romania entered the war as an ally of Germany. Days later, on Jun 29th, the Jews of Iasi were rounded up by Romanian and German military units. Beatrice heard screams and shooting coming from the direction of the main police headquarters. Beatrice and her parents were rounded up and  were marched toward the police station’s courtyard, where German soldiers concentrated the Jews of Iasi. The family saw many corpses along the way.  Beatrice and her mother were allowed to return home.
Tuesday, July 2, 2013
Gerda Haas was aware of her upcoming deportation from Berlin, Germany, as of 1942, but was not placed on the deportation list until Mar 17, 1943. She and many other deportees were  first assembled on the Grosse-Hamburger Strasse deportation center and deportation by train took place a few days later. Gerda relates she felt lucky to be sent to the Theresienstadt ghetto in Czechoslovakia and believes it was due to her profession as a nurse.
Wednesday, July 3, 2013
In celebration of the United States’ Independence Day, the holiday that honors the nation’s birth with the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, we share a clip from the testimony of Holocaust survivor Israel Baicher. Israel describes immigrating to the United States as his happiest day and recounts the wonderful life he and his wife successfully built together.
Monday, July 8, 2013
Nechama remembers being taken from her home with her parents to the nearby Seventh Fort, a military fortification in Kaunas, Lithuania, in 1941. She and her mother were released shortly thereafter and allowed to return home. Her father, however, remained in the Fort and witnessed the mass killings of Jewish men by German soldiers and the Lithuanian police. Nechama explains how her father was able to survive the mass killings at the time.
Wednesday, July 10, 2013
Henri Deutsch, a jewish survivor, who along with his family was rescued by Aristides de Sousa Mendes, recalls the Portuguese diplomat. Sousa Mendes, against orders from the Portuguese government, issued an estimated 30,000 travel visas to people escaping Nazi-occupied France in 1940.
Tuesday, July 16, 2013
Robert Clary remembers being taken with his parents from his apartment in Paris, France, on September 23, 1942, and relates they were deported to the Drancy Transit Camp shortly thereafter. He explains that his half‐sister, Ida, her husband and two small sons had managed to evade deportation on July 16th, but were arrested for deportation that same date.
Thursday, July 18, 2013
Inge and her sister Edith left Zurich, Switzerland for London, United Kingdom, to be reunited with their father after the war. Inge relates that her mother, who had made her way to Sweden after liberation, also joined them in England. It was 1946.
Monday, July 22, 2013
Pinchas Gutter recalls his arrival at the Theresienstadt Ghetto in Czechoslovakia two weeks prior to his liberation by the Soviet armed forces in 1945. He relates he refused to participate in the mistreatment of the German ghetto guards by Soviet soldiers during the liberation of the ghetto. He remembers the sadness he felt over the mistreatment of anyone even of perpetrators.
Monday, July 29, 2013
Leopold Page survived the Holocaust by working in Oskar Schindler’s factory. Page remembers how Mr. and Mrs. Schindler saved hundreds of Jews by taking them off cattle train when no other camp would accept them. Also the Schindlers gave personal medical attention   to the very sick. Page was instrumental in telling Oskar Schindler’s heroic story, which led to the book and later the movie, Schindler’s List.
Tuesday, July 30, 2013
Helen Fagin discusses her efforts and risk to educate fellow ghetto inhabitants in the Radomsko ghetto in Poland.
Thursday, August 1, 2013
In preparation for the start of the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, the Nazis in power decided to minimize the presence of anti-Semitism in the city. Hugo Beckerman recalls how he was able to identify the Jewish businesses that were still allowed to run at that time.
Monday, August 5, 2013
Joli Felsen never wanted to talk about her experience as a young girl during the Holocaust, until her granddaughter begged Felsen to speak to her history class. The schoolchildren were shocked by her story but also grateful for her visit.

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