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Friday, May 24, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Interview language: Spanish Ana Benkel de Vinocur describes her first impressions of the Auschwitz II-Birkenau Concentration Camp upon arrival from the Lódz Ghetto in May 1944. She remembers her reaction when the heavy doors of the deportation train opened and she saw prisoners, in striped uniforms, bald, looking like skeletons. She speaks of the seizure of all her belongings and of a selection process in which she remained with her mother, but was separated from her father and brother.
Sunday, January 26, 2014
Moshe Shamir (né sous le nom de Schmucker) voit le jour dans une famille juive orthodoxe le 17 avril 1922 à Cernauti, Roumanie (aujourd’hui Chernivtsi, Ukraine). Son père, Avraham, est enseignant dans une école hébraïque. Il meurt quand Moshe n’a que cinq ans. La mère de Moshe, Rifka, l’élève avec son frère aîné, Menachem. Moshe fréquente une école yiddish, est membre du mouvement de jeunesse sioniste Gordonia et chante dans une chorale juive au temple. Il travaille en tant qu’apprenti dans une mercerie à l’âge de douze ans.
Monday, October 5, 2015
Dans cet extrait, Marek Rudnicki évoque la vie culturelle au ghetto de Varsovie et son importance face à la barbarie nazie.Marek Rudnicki est né à Lodz, en Pologne, le 24 janvier 1925. Son père, Stanislas, est médecin. Sa mère, Tziporah, s’occupe de leurs deux enfants, Marek et Isaac. Sans être très pratiquante, la famille respecte les fêtes religieuses. Les Rudnicki résident à Lodz. Marek se souvient d’un antisémitisme très répandu. Jeune, il fréquente une école hébraïque, laïque, de tendance sioniste.
Wednesday, December 19, 2012
Mr. Aitay, received his first violin from his father at age 5. He was a Concert Violinist in his native Budapest, Hungary, and later became the Concertmaster for the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He plays Bach's Adagio First Sonata on his Guadagnini violin.
Wednesday, December 19, 2012
Mrs. Apfel, a pianist, plays Chopin's Valse de l'Adieu, (Farewell Waltz), which she played for her friends in 1942, at age 13, when saying goodbye to them. They were all running away to save their lives. Gender: FemaleDOB: March 3, 1929City of birth: BedzinCountry of birth: PolandGhettos: NoWent into hiding: YesOther experiences: Hid in: Angoulême (France), Le Puy (France)  
Saturday, May 4, 2013
Alex recalls listening to Adolf Hitler's radio addresses before the war. He remembers how Polish Jews living in Germany were expelled from the country.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor George recalls a guard who allowed George and his brother 20 minutes to find their mother inside of a camp. It was the last time they saw her.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Morris talks about spending Rosh Hashanah—the holiday commemorating the start of the Jewish New Year—in a labor camp in Frankfurt an der Oder in 1944. He recalls pleading with the camp barber not to shave his hair, because it was Rosh Hashanah.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Ruth talks about the decision to fast on Yom Kippur—also known as the Day of Atonement—in Auschwitz II-Birkenau as a form of resistance. Gender: FemaleDOB: 1928City of birth: CuheaCountry of birth: RomaniaGhettos: Dragomiresti (Romania)Went into hiding: NoOther experiences: Concentration camps: Auschwitz II-Birkenau (Poland), Bergen-Belsen Germany); Displaced persons camps  
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish SurvivorRita describes the clandestine celebration of Kol Nidrei services on Yom Kippur in the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp. She remembers it to this day, especially during Kol Nidrei services on Yom Kippur. 
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Esther explains how cigarettes were obtained in her barrack in exchange for a shofar. She remembers the joyful feeling upon hearing the shofar blowing during a celebration of Rosh Ha-Shana- the holiday commemorating the start of the Jewish New Year- in the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Kurt describes what he observed in the aftermath of the Kristallnacht pogrom in Berlin, Germany, in November 1938.
Friday, May 24, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Interview language: Hungarian György Kármán recalls the antisemitic treatment he received from non-Jewish students in the high school he attended in Szeged, Hungary, during the war, and explains how his teacher reacted to the students’ derogatory remarks.
Wednesday, June 4, 2014
Nedo FianoSesso: Maschile Data di nascita: 22/ 04 /1925Città di nascita: Firenze, ItaliaGhetto/i:Campo/i: Fossoli (Italia : Campo di concentramento); Auschwitz II-Birkenau (Polonia : campo di sterminio); Buchenwald (Germania campo di concentramento)
Wednesday, June 4, 2014
Sesso: FemminileData di nascita: 10 /09 /1930Città di nascita: Milano, ItaliaGhetto/i:Campo/i: Ravensbrück (Germania : campo di concentramento); Malchow (Germania : campo di concentramento); Auschwitz II-Birkenau (Polonia : campo di sterminio)
Monday, October 5, 2015
Dans cet extrait, Janine Den évoque la vie culturelle au ghetto de Varsovie et la destinée tragique de Marysia Eisenstadt.Janine Den, née Pieprz, a vu le jour à Varsovie en 1924, dans une famille juive assimilée. Ses deux parents, Mieczyslaw et Maria, travaillent dans la confection. Adolescente, Janine est admise dans un lycée d’État.Après la capitulation de la Pologne, les Allemands entrent dans la ville. Les établissements scolaires ferment. Le magasin de bijoux de sa mère est détruit dans un bombardement.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
“We have to stick together, and whatever happens, we will try to die together, so that none of us should be left alone. But this was the only dream we had; if we have to die, that we should die together.”—Nechama Shneorson
Tuesday, September 24, 2013
Nata a Varasavia in Polonia il 25 giugno 1924, Alice Prusicki crebbe con i suoi genitori, Jan Kirsztein e Maria Strauch, a Bydgoszcz, vicino al confine con la Germania, dove rimasero fino all’invasione tedesca della Polonia nel 1939. Alice perse suo padre alla fine del 1939 in seguito a complicazioni dopo un attacco subito da soldati tedeschi. Quando la madre di Alice morì di cancro nel 1940, Alice andò a vivere a Varsavia con dei parenti. Fu presto rinchiusa nel ghetto di Varsavia stabilito nella città dalle autorità di occupazione.
Thursday, January 23, 2014
Lajos Cséri (name at birth Lajos Klein) was born on January 22, 1928 in Hajdúböszörmény, Hungary, in a secular Jewish family. Lajos had a brother, Gyula, and a sister, Anna. He attended a Protestant school in Sárrétudvari, where he spent most of his childhood.
Thursday, January 23, 2014
Paul Engel was born into a middle-class Jewish family on May 4, 1922 in Vienna, Austria. He had a younger brother, Robert. When World War I broke out in 1914, his father, Eduard, was drafted into the Austro-Hungarian army. Captured as a prisoner of war, he spent six years in Siberia working in a coal mine, finally reuniting with his family in 1920. In Vienna, Eduard owned a perfume wholesale business. Before the war, Paul attended a primary school and was accepted to a Gymnasium in the 14th district of Vienna.
Monday, October 5, 2015
Dans cet extrait, Simon-François Malkes évoque les activités culturelles qui existaient au sein du ghetto de Vilno.Simon-François Malkes, né Malkeis, a vu le jour à Vilno (Pologne), le 14 septembre 1927. Il est le fils unique de Rachel Badasz et d’Abram Malkeis. Abram possède une usine d’électricité. Sa femme travaille à ses côtés.
Sunday, January 26, 2014
Lajos Cséri (né sous le nom de Lajos Klein) est né le 22 janvier 1928 à Hajdúböszörmény, en Hongrie, dans une famille juive laïque. Lajos avait un frère, Gyula, et une soeur, Anna. Il fréquentait une école protestante à Sárrétudvari, où il passa la plupart de son enfance.
Sunday, January 26, 2014
Paul Engel est né le 4 mai 1922 à Vienne (Autriche) dans une famille juive de la classe moyenne. Il a un jeune frère, Robert. Lorsque la Première Guerre mondiale éclate en 1914, son père, Eduard, est mobilisé dans l’armée austro-hongroise. Fait prisonnier de guerre, celui-ci passe six ans en Sibérie à travailler dans une mine de charbon, avant de retrouver sa famille en 1920. À Vienne, Eduard possède une magasin de parfums en gros. Avant la guerre, Paul fréquente une école primaire et entre au lycée du 14ème district de Vienne.
Monday, October 5, 2015
Dans cet extrait, Mala Zanger se souvient de la personnalité de Rubinstein, le « bouffon du ghetto », à Varsovie.Mala Drejzla Frydman est née le 6 octobre 1927 à Grodzisk Mazowiecki, près de Varsovie (Pologne). Son père, Chyl-Frischel, tient une épicerie en gros. Sa mère, Schaindla, s’occupe de Mala et de ses frères et sœurs, Sura-Luba, Aharon et Pinkus.En 1934, le père de Mala fait faillite. La famille s’installe à Varsovie. Chyl-Frischel travaille à mi-temps dans une synagogue et continue d’exercer des activités commerciales.
Monday, April 29, 2013
Irene recounts her experience of being liberated by the British Army from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in April 1945. Irene Weiss was born Irene Traub on August 2, 1919, in Halmeu, a small Jewish community in Romania. In March 1944, Irene, her parents, and seven siblings were deported to the Szatmar ghetto in Transylvania where they stayed for two months. In June 1944, Irene was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau where she was separated from her parents, who would perish in the gas chambers, and began work as a forced laborer.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Martin relates his experience of being liberated from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in April 1945. Martin Aaron was born April 21, 1929, in Teresva, Czechoslovakia. Growing up in the nearby Jewish community of Sapanta, Romania, Martin recalls experiencing antisemitism, which intensified after Hungary annexed the area in 1940. In 1944, the Hungarians and Germans forced Martin, his parents, and five siblings to move into the Tacovo ghetto before they were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Gerda describes being liberated by the United States Army and encountering her future husband, U.S. Army Lt. Kurt Klein, in Volary, Czechoslovakia, in May 1945. Gerda Klein was born Gerda Weissmann on May 8, 1924, in Bielsko, Poland. Gerda and her brother, Arthur, grew up relatively unaware of the spread of Nazism, until Poland was invaded in 1939; soon after, Arthur was taken away on a transport. In April 1942, Gerda and her parents were ordered into the Bielsko ghetto.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Rose describes her realization that the war had ended and her experience of being liberated from Ober Altstadt labor camp in Czechoslovakia in May 1945. Rose Kaplovitz was born Rozia Zaks on September 6, 1930, in Sosnowiec, Poland. Rose remembers her childhood in the Jewish community on the Polish-German border as relatively happy and secure. However, on the second day of the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, Rose witnessed her brother’s execution by German officers.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Hy remembers his father's decision to hide the family after Jews were ordered to leave their homes. He recalls the betrayal of his family by a man they knew.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor During the war, Marcia hid with a family with two older daughters who were very kind to her. This was a huge sacrifice this family took to keep Marcia in their home.

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