Scholars in Residence

2018

Marion Kaplan, Ph.D.

Skirball Professor of Modern Jewish History at New York University

Shapiro Scholar in Residence

Marion Kaplan is the Skirball Professor of Modern Jewish History at New York University. She is a three-time winner of the National Jewish Book Award for her research on German Jewish life in The Making of the Jewish Middle Class: Women, Family and Identity in Imperial Germany (1991); Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish Life in Nazi Germany (1998); and Gender and Jewish History, co-edited with Deborah Dash Moore (2011). Professor Kaplan has written about the role of women in Weimar and Nazi Germany in her earlier books The Jewish Feminist Movement in Germany: The Campaigns of the Jüdischer Frauenbund, 1904‑1938 (1979) and The Marriage Bargain: Women and Dowries in European History, and the co-edited volume When Biology became Destiny: Women in Weimar and Nazi Germany (1984). She is also the author of Dominican Haven: The Jewish Refugee Settlement in Sosua, 1940-1945 (2008), which tells the story of Jewish refugees’ settlement in the Dominican Republic following Nazi persecution. Her newest book, Jewish Refugees Fleeing Hitler: Hope and Anxiety in Portugal, 1940-45, will be published by Yale University Press in 2019. She is the author of over five dozen articles and over a dozen book reviews.

During her lecture "Did Gender Matter during the Holocaust?", Professor Kaplan traced the last three decades of scholarly research about Jewish women during the Holocaust. She discussed the development of scholarly interest in women in the Holocaust in the early 1990s, her own contributions to the field in the 1990s, in particular her 1998 book Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish Life in Nazi Germany, and the developments in the field since the 1990s, pointing to remaining gaps, new promising work, and avenues for future study. Professor Kaplan argued for the integration of gender analysis into mainstream Holocaust history, and a fuller incorporation of women’s life stories into primary analysis, emphasizing the necessity for research analyzing how race, class, geography, and age intersected with gender in people’s experiences of the Holocaust. 

To watch her lecture click here

To read more about Marion Kaplan click here

2017

Christopher R. Browning, Ph.D.

Frank Porter Graham Professor Emeritus of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Shapiro Scholar in Residence

Christopher R. Browning is the Frank Porter Graham Professor Emeritus of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His research concerns the decision-making and policy-making behind the Nazi Final Solution, analyzed in his books The Final Solution and the German Foreign Office (1978), Fateful Months: Essays on the Emergence of the Final Solution (1985), Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland (1992), The Path to Genocide: Essays on Launching the Final Solution (1992) and The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939–March 1942 (2004).

Professor Browning is one of the world’s most renowned Holocaust scholars and a proponent of the “moderate functionalist” school of thought in the origins of the Holocaust debate. During his lecture, “Holocaust History and Survivor Testimony: The Case of the Starachowice Factory Slave Labor Camp” at the USC Shoah Foundation Center for Advanced Genocide Research, Browning discussed the changing attitudes about witness testimony and how the process of gathering it has changed since the end of World War II. He also focused on the value – as well as some of the misconceptions – of witness accounts of history.

To watch his lecture click here.

To read more about Christopher R. Browning click here.

News About Christopher Browning

Christopher Browning Talks About the Changing Attitudes of Witness Testimony in Genocide Studies, USC Shoah Foundation News, March 29, 2018 

2016

Omer Bartov, Ph.D.

John P. Birkelund Distinguished Professor of European History and Professor of German Studies at Brown University

Sara and Asa Shapiro Scholar in Residence

Professor Bartov is the John P. Birkelund Distinguished Professor of European History and Professor of German Studies at Brown University. His research has ranged from studies of the Wehrmacht (German Army) during World War II to the links between total war and genocide. Bartov’s latest research focuses interethnic relations in Eastern Europe.

At the USC Shoah Foundation Center for Advanced Genocide Research, Professor Bartov gave a lecture on how the East Galician town of Buczacz was transformed from a site of coexistence, where Poles, Ukrainians, and Jews had lived side-by-side for centuries, into a site of genocide. In his lecture, Bartov addresses questions such as: What were the reasons for this instance of communal violence, what were its dynamics, and why has it been erased from the local memory?

As a leading scholar in Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Professor Bartov has earned many research awards and honors, including being inducted as a Fellow in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2005 and earning a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship (2003-2004). He is also the author of seven books and the editor of three volumes. His books include Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich; Mirrors of Destruction: War, Genocide, and Modern Identity; and Erased: Vanishing Traces of Jewish Galicia in Present-Day Ukraine

To watch his lecture click here.

To read more about Omer Bartov click here.

News About Omer Bartov

Omer Bartov Discusses Research, Testimony and Future of Holocaust Scholarship in Facebook Live Interview, USC Shoah Foundation News, May 5, 2017

Omer Bartov Gives Shapiro Scholar Lecture on "Anatomy of a Genocide", USC Shoah Foundation News, May 8, 2017

2015

David Cesarani

Professor Cesarani was Research Professor of History at Royal Holloway University of London. Earlier in his career he held positions at the University of Leeds, Queen Mary University of London, the Wiener Library in London and the University of Southampton. In 2005, Queen Elizabeth II appointed him to the Order of the British Empire for his work on creating Holocaust Memorial Day in his native Britain. 

Professor Cesarani passed away in October 2015, shortly after he had been chosen as the inaugural Sara and Asa Shapiro Annual Holocaust Testimony Scholar and had accepted this award, but before his selection was made public. The USC Shoah Foundation Center for Advanced Genocide Research hosted a symposium to honor him. The symposium featured renowned international scholars discussing Cesarani’s work, his impact on Holocaust studies, and the connections between their own work and his contributions to the field.

A prolific researcher and author, Cesarani’s books include Eichmann: His Life and Crimes; Arthur Koestler: The Homeless Mind; Justice Delayed: How Britain Became a Refuge for Nazi War Criminals; Major Farran's Hat: Murder, Scandal and Britain's War Against Jewish Terrorism 1945-1948; Disraeli: The Novel Politician (Jewish Lives); and Final Solution: The Fate of the Jews 1933–1949.

To read about the symposium click here.

To learn more about David Cesarani click here.

2015

Wendy Lower

John K. Roth Professor of History and George R. Roberts Fellow at Claremont McKenna College

Yom Hashoah Scholar in Residence

"Hitler's Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields"

Wendy Lower gained her PhD in 1999 at the American University in Washington, D.C. In 1999-2000 she was on the adjunct faculty at both the American University and Georgetown University. She has served as Director of the Visiting Scholars Program (2000-2004) and Project Director of the oral history project "German Witnesses to War and its Aftermath" (2010-2012) at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. From 2004-2009, she was Assistant Professor of History at Towson University, and in 2011 she became part of the Affiliated Faculty in the Department of History at Clark University. She currently holds the John K. Roth chair in History and is the George R. Roberts Fellow at Claremont McKenna College, as well as a Research Associate at the Ludwig Maximillians Universitat in Munich.

Dr. Lower's research looks at the Holocaust in the context of comparative genocide studies, with a special view on modern Germany and Ukraine. Her work looks at oral and public histories, as well as photographs and memorialization. She has published four books in English, and one in Ukrainian, and is currently working on a new English book project. Her 2013 book Hitler's Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields was a finalist for the National Book Award in nonfiction for that year.

In November 2014, Wendy Lower participated in the USC Shoah Foundation Center for Advanced Genocide Research International Conference "Memory, Media, and Technology." She was on the steering committee for the conference, as well as chairing the roundtable discussion "Digital Archives in Research and Public Engagement."

To read about her lecture click here.

To watch her lecture click here.

News About Wendy Lower

Wendy Lower, 2015 Yom Hashoah Scholar, Exposes German Women's Role in Holocaust, USC Shoah Foundation News, May 6, 2015

2014

Mohammed Dajani, Ph.D.

Professor of Political Science at al-Quds University in Jerusalem

Yom Hashoah Scholar in Residence

“Teaching Palestinians about the Holocaust”

A Jerusalem-born scholar and peace activist, Dr. Dajani holds doctorate degrees from the University of Texas and University of South Carolina. He is the founding director of the Jerusalem Studies and Research Institute, chair of the board of directors of the House of Water and Environment in Ramallah and a member of the board of directors of the YMCA, Jerusalem. He has written extensively on Arab culture and politics, including an International Herald Tribune op-ed he co-authored with Washington Institute executive director Robert Satloff titled “Why Palestinians Should Learn About the Holocaust.”

In 2014, Dajani made headlines when Palestinian and Israeli media reported on the trip to Poland he took with 30 Palestinian students, in which he brought the students to Auschwitz and other concentration camps to learn about the Holocaust. Dajani visited the Institute to discuss his experience teaching the Holocaust to Palestinian students.

News About Mohammed Dajani:

Mohammed Dajani Speaks on Refusing to be a Bystander, USC Shoah Foundation News, May 12, 2014

Lecture by Mohammed Dajani, 2014 Yom Hashoah Scholar-in-Residence, USC Shoah Foundation News, May 9, 2014

You Cannot Teach the Holocaust to Palestinians!, USC Shoah Foundation News, November 21, 2013

2013

Marianne Hirsch, Ph.D.

William Peterfield Trent Professor of English and Comparative Literature, Professor in the Institute for Research on Women, Gender, and Sexuality, Columbia University

Yom Hashoah Scholar in Residence

“Small Acts of Repair: The Unclaimed Legacy of the Romanian Holocaust”

Marianne Hirsch discussed the idea of “postmemory,” a term that describes the relationship that the ‘generation after’ bears to the personal, collective, and cultural trauma of those who came before -- to experiences they ‘remember’ only by means of the stories, images and behaviors among which they grew up. She also discussed her work on the relationship that children of Holocaust survivors have with the personal, collective and cultural trauma of their parents.

Marianne Hirsch is William Peterfield Trent Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University and Professor in the Institute for Research on Women, Gender and Sexuality. She is President of the Modern Language Association of America. She was born in Romania, and educated at Brown University where she received her BA/MA and Ph.D. degrees. Before moving to Columbia, she taught at Dartmouth College.

Hirsch's recent books include The Generation of Postmemory: Writing and Visual Culture After the Holocaust (Columbia University Press, 2012), Ghosts of Home: The Afterlife of Czernowitz in Jewish Memory, co-authored with Leo Spitzer (University of California Press, 2010), Rites of Return: Diaspora, Poetics and the Politics of Memory, co-edited with Nancy K. Miller (Columbia University Press, 2011). With Diana Taylor she co-edited the Summer 2012 issue of é-misferica on “The Subject of Archives.” Other recent publications include Family Frames: Photography, Narrative, and Postmemory (1997), The Familial Gaze (ed.1999), Time and the Literary (co-ed.2002), a special issue of Signs on "Gender and Cultural Memory" (co-ed. 2002), Teaching the Representation of the Holocaust (co-ed. 2004), and Grace Paley Writing the World (co-ed. 2009).

Marianne Hirsch is the former editor of PMLA and the recipient of fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the ACLS, the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute, the National Humanities Center and the Bellagio and Bogliasco Foundations. She has served on the MLA Executive Council, the ACLA Advisory Board, the Board of Supervisors of The English Institute and the Executive Board of the Society for the Study of Narrative Literature. She is also on the advisory boards of Memory Studies and Contemporary Women's Writing. She is a founder of Columbia’s Center for the Study of Social Difference, and Co-Director with Jean Howard of its new global initiative: “Women Creating Change.”

News About Marianne Hirsch:

Small Acts of Repair: Yom Hashoah scholar-in-residence discusses "postmemory" of the Holocaust, USC Shoah Foundation News, May 2, 2013

Gallery of event

2012

Yehuda Bauer

Professor Emeritus of History and Holocaust Studies at Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Yom Hashoah Scholar in Residence

Professor Bauer is Professor Emeritus of History and Holocaust Studies at the Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry at Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He was awarded the highest civilian prize in Israel, the Israel Prize, in 1998, and has served as an advisor to International Holocaust Remembrance Association as well as a senior advisor to the Swedish Government on the International Forum on Genocide Prevention. 

Professor Bauer made an exclusive trip to Los Angeles to give the Institute’s inaugural Yom Hashoah lecture. Bauer, who is the Institute's scholar-in-residence, discussed the roots of genocide and realistic approaches to overcoming it. Professor Bauer has published numerous books and articles about the Holocaust, including Out of the Ashes: The Impact of American Jews on Post-Holocaust European Jewry and The Impact of the Holocaust. Bauer used testimonies from the Visual History Archive in researching his recent book The Death of the Shtetl

To watch his lecture click here

To learn more about Yehuda Bauer click here

News About Yehuda Bauer:

Much Work to be done in Holocaust Studies, Say Yehuda Bauer and Xu Xin, USC Shoah Foundation News, November 11, 2013

Leading Chinese and Israeli Holocaust Scholars Meet for the First Time, USC Shoah Foundation News, November 6, 2013

Yehuda Bauer to Visit USC Shoah Foundation in November, USC Shoah Foundation News, August 13, 2013

Yehuda Bauer and Father Patrick Desbois visit the Institute, USC Shoah Foundation News, April 23, 2012

Publications Involving the Archive:

  • Bauer, Yehuda. Nowogródek—The Story of a Shtetl. Yad Vashem Studies 35 (2007) 35-70.
  • Bauer, Yehuda. The Death of the Shtetl. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.