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Displaying 1 - 30 of 35 results
Monday, April 29, 2013
Irene recounts her experience of being liberated by the British Army from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in April 1945. Irene Weiss was born Irene Traub on August 2, 1919, in Halmeu, a small Jewish community in Romania. In March 1944, Irene, her parents, and seven siblings were deported to the Szatmar ghetto in Transylvania where they stayed for two months. In June 1944, Irene was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau where she was separated from her parents, who would perish in the gas chambers, and began work as a forced laborer.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Martin relates his experience of being liberated from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in April 1945. Martin Aaron was born April 21, 1929, in Teresva, Czechoslovakia. Growing up in the nearby Jewish community of Sapanta, Romania, Martin recalls experiencing antisemitism, which intensified after Hungary annexed the area in 1940. In 1944, the Hungarians and Germans forced Martin, his parents, and five siblings to move into the Tacovo ghetto before they were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Kurt describes liberating survivors of a death march in May 1945, in Volary, Czechoslovakia, including his first encounter with his future wife, Gerda. Kurt Klein was born July 2, 1920, in Walldorf, Germany. As the Nazi persecution of German Jews intensified, Kurt’s parents decided to send him and his siblings to live with distant relatives in Buffalo, New York, where he worked in various jobs, including the printing business, trying to raise enough money to bring his parents to the United States. Kurt was drafted into the United States Army in 1943.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Gerda describes being liberated by the United States Army and encountering her future husband, U.S. Army Lt. Kurt Klein, in Volary, Czechoslovakia, in May 1945. Gerda Klein was born Gerda Weissmann on May 8, 1924, in Bielsko, Poland. Gerda and her brother, Arthur, grew up relatively unaware of the spread of Nazism, until Poland was invaded in 1939; soon after, Arthur was taken away on a transport. In April 1942, Gerda and her parents were ordered into the Bielsko ghetto.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Bernard relates his experience as an American GI liberating the Gunskirchen concentration camp in Austria in May 1945. Bernard Bermack was born April 3, 1922, in St. Louis, Missouri. Bernard entered the United States Army on October 7, 1942. After receiving training as an artillery specialist, Bernard went overseas as a member of Patton’s Third Army. In May 1945, he was dispatched to serve in an aid organization, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA).
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Charlotte shares her experience as a U.S. Army nurse who participated in the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp in Germany in May 1945. Charlotte Chaney was born Charlotte Ellner on October 15, 1921, in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Charlotte was trained as a nurse and then volunteered for the Army Air Corps in 1944. That same year she married United States Navyman Bernard Chaney. In May 1945, Charlotte was sent to Europe as a part of the Red Cross, not knowing she was about to take part in the liberation of Dachau concentration camp.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Rose describes her realization that the war had ended and her experience of being liberated from Ober Altstadt labor camp in Czechoslovakia in May 1945. Rose Kaplovitz was born Rozia Zaks on September 6, 1930, in Sosnowiec, Poland. Rose remembers her childhood in the Jewish community on the Polish-German border as relatively happy and secure. However, on the second day of the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, Rose witnessed her brother’s execution by German officers.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Esther talks about her lack of awareness of wartime political events while hiding in Italy. She describes her liberation by members of the Jewish Brigade. Esther speaks of her struggle with identity which ensued after liberation from living in both hiding and under a false name.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Liberator James recalls 10 days of fighting Germans until they surrendered. While searching for a place for the American soldiers to stay for the night, he encountered a barrack with prisoners. He describes the horrors of those images as well as his efforts to get medical attention to the survivors.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Irene recounts her experience of being liberated by the British Army from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in April 1945. She describes that by the time of her liberation she was too sick and too desensitized by her experiences to feel any emotions even though she realized the war was over.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Liberation is typically characterized by the arrival of Allied forces. Interviewees tell of liberation from concentration camps, or during death marches, or may describe liberation upon emergence from hiding.
Friday, May 24, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Interview language: Hungarian Gábor Verő recalls the brutal treatment his brother endured from a Ukrainian kapo (prisoner who worked inside of camps) at the Ebensee concentration camp in Austria.  He describes his brother’s death shortly before liberation.
Friday, May 24, 2013
Jewish Holocaust SurvivorInterview language: ItalianPiero Terracina recalls January 1945 in Auschwitz II-Birkenau, where he witnessed SS guards leaving the camp. Upon their return, he was forced to participate in a death march where he managed to escape his wardens and seek refuge in Auschwitz I. On January 27, 1945, he recalls the first arrival of the Soviet armed forces in the camp and describes the first inmates' reaction to the liberators.
Tuesday, June 25, 2013
Celina Biniaz, a “Schindler Jew”, remembers hearing about the end of the war while listening to an underground radio at the munitions factory set up by Oskar Schindler in the Brünnlitz concentration camp in Czechoslovakia. The Brünnlitz concentration camp was liberated by the Soviet armed forces in May 1945. With the approach of the Soviets, Oskar Schindler left and arranged for several of the camp personnel to leave as well. Celina Biniaz remembers her liberation and describes her liberators.
Monday, July 22, 2013
Pinchas Gutter recalls his arrival at the Theresienstadt Ghetto in Czechoslovakia two weeks prior to his liberation by the Soviet armed forces in 1945. He relates he refused to participate in the mistreatment of the German ghetto guards by Soviet soldiers during the liberation of the ghetto. He remembers the sadness he felt over the mistreatment of anyone even of perpetrators.
Wednesday, August 21, 2013
Belinna Aronovich remembers the liberation of her hometown, Husi, when the Soviet armed forces invaded Romania in 1944. She describes her reaction to the retreat of the German army as well as her own feelings upon seeing Soviet soldiers occupy her town.
Friday, August 23, 2013
Marthe Cohn-Hoffnung remembers the liberation of Paris, France, in 1944, where she was living under false identity. She especially recalls the emotional response on the part of the French people upon seeing the French 2nd armored division, led by General Charles de Gaulle, march into Paris first. The United States armed forces followed shortly thereafter.
Thursday, January 16, 2014
Erika Breier-Vadnai remembers the day she was liberated from the Budapest ghetto, Hungary, by the Soviet armed forces. She states it was on January 18, 1945.
Monday, April 28, 2014
Sol Blaufeld recalls the liberation of Dachau concentration camp by American forces on April 29, 1945.
Friday, July 11, 2014
After liberation from a forced labor camp in Austria, Alan Brown returned to his home in Budapest, Hungary. Alan speaks about recuperating from typhus and learning about Auschwitz and the gas chambers from other survivors.
Thursday, July 31, 2014
Jewish survivor Felix Flicker joined the Soviet Armed Forces in 1943. Flicker recalls arriving at Majdanek concentration camp after it was liberated in July 1944. He describes the prisoners looking like skeletons and the arrests and executions of the camp guards.
Thursday, August 28, 2014
Philip Drell, a photographer with the U.S. Army Signal Corps, served with the Special Motion Picture Coverage Unit headed by film director George Stevens. In his testimony, Philip describes what he witnessed when his unit arrived at Dachau. His testimony is featured in Testimony –The Legacy of Schindler’s List and the USC Shoah Foundation.  
Wednesday, January 21, 2015
Shortly after the Germans fled Auschwitz, well-meaning Russian liberators provided food to children. Tragically, some would die from eating too quickly. Yehudit Sadeh was suffering from dysentery, which proved fortuitous because it prevented her from eating. She describes how a doctor took pains to nurse her back to health until she could walk again and catch a transport back to Czechoslovakia. 
Wednesday, February 18, 2015
Rose Kaplovitz reflects on the end of WWII and liberation - featured in the IWitness activity Found Poetry – A Language Arts Lesson.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015
Otari Amaglobeli, a military surgeon with the First Ukrainian Front discusses the population of Auschwitz and the medical assistance his unit provided to prisoners upon liberation on Jan. 27, 1945.
Monday, March 9, 2015
Sarah Welbel describes liberation from the Gablonz forced labor camp.
Friday, March 13, 2015
Eva Krause reflects on being liberated from Bergen-Belsen concentration camp and how the experience strengthened her faith.  
Wednesday, May 6, 2015
Gertrude Englander describes the liberation of Mauthausen concentration camp in May 1945.
Wednesday, July 15, 2015
Peter Cukor describes returning to his family home Hungary and reuniting with his father after being liberated from a concentration camp in Czechoslovakia. He also recalls how he faced anti-Semitism even after liberation in 1945.
Wednesday, May 18, 2016
WWII liberator Sidney Shafner reflects on his friendship with Holocaust survivor Marcel Levy after the pair met when Dachau was liberated in 1945.

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