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Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Kurt describes liberating survivors of a death march in May 1945, in Volary, Czechoslovakia, including his first encounter with his future wife, Gerda. Kurt Klein was born July 2, 1920, in Walldorf, Germany. As the Nazi persecution of German Jews intensified, Kurt’s parents decided to send him and his siblings to live with distant relatives in Buffalo, New York, where he worked in various jobs, including the printing business, trying to raise enough money to bring his parents to the United States. Kurt was drafted into the United States Army in 1943.
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
Bernard relates his experience as an American GI liberating the Gunskirchen concentration camp in Austria in May 1945. Bernard Bermack was born April 3, 1922, in St. Louis, Missouri. Bernard entered the United States Army on October 7, 1942. After receiving training as an artillery specialist, Bernard went overseas as a member of Patton’s Third Army. In May 1945, he was dispatched to serve in an aid organization, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA).
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Liberator James recalls 10 days of fighting Germans until they surrendered. While searching for a place for the American soldiers to stay for the night, he encountered a barrack with prisoners. He describes the horrors of those images as well as his efforts to get medical attention to the survivors.
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
In honor of Memorial Day, we gratefully honor Arthur Langhorst, an American surgical technician and decorated World War II veteran, and the 361 other liberators from 19 countries who have given testimony to the Visual History Archive. Arthur recounts in this clip a tragic encounter with a young soldier who was brought to his operating table after sustaining injuries in the Battle of the Bulge.
Friday, October 18, 2013
Ernest James speaks of his participation as a United States soldier in the battle for Aachen, Germany, in October 1944. He explains how the United States armed forces surrounded Aachen and forced the German armed forces to surrender. It was October 21, 1944.  
Friday, October 25, 2013
Arie Van Mansum was only in his early 20’s when he helped rescue Jews in the Netherlands. He describes why he chose to risk in life in order to hide and rescue Jews. Arie was recognized as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem.
Friday, November 1, 2013
The 10-part Echoes and Reflections series continues with Lesson 8: Survivors and Liberators.
Friday, November 8, 2013
In 1943, Don Shimazu, joined the US Army, like many other Japanese-American soldiers, to prove his loyalty to the United States. He participated in the liberation of the Dachau Concentration Camp as a member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion organized as part of the 442nd Regimental Combat team. Don explains how this experience influenced his values and attitudes in his postwar life.
Thursday, December 5, 2013
United States army veteran Don Shimazu remembers the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor December 7 1941. He was a part of the ROTC (Reserve Officers' Training Corps) at the University of Hawaii and remembers being put on duty right away.  A Hawaiian native, he also reflects on the tension the attack created in his family, since his parents were Japanese citizens.
Monday, December 23, 2013
While deployed in France, US armed forces liberator Jules Barrash remembers asking a French farm couple to cook him and a group of about 15 soldiers a dinner for Christmas in exchange for sea rations and food from the army.
Monday, December 23, 2013
Harold Alexander fled Nazi controlled Germany to the United States and then joined the United States Army. He returned to Germany towards the end of WWII as an American soldier and met a Jewish woman who was still in hiding. He remembers helping the woman and her family by bringing them a truck full of food and connecting them to family in the United States.
Thursday, January 16, 2014
Leon Bass, US military veteran, reflects on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and how he was inspired by King’s message of non-violence. Leon was at the Lincoln Memorial in 1963 for the March on Washington and he describes his experience of watching Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have a Dream,” speech. 
Thursday, January 23, 2014
Howard Cwick was born in the Bronx, New York, on August 25, 1923, to Samuel and Sarah Cwick, both Polish immigrants. Howard had an older sister, Sylvia. TheCwick family spoke both English and Yiddish, kept a kosher home, and attended synagogue three times a week. Howard went to school at P.S. 100 in the Bronx beforegoing on to Brooklyn Technical High School. When he was seven years old, Howard received his first camera and became interested in photography.
Thursday, February 20, 2014
Buchenwald camp liberator Leon Bass reflects on the discrimination he experienced while going to college in the United States after his military service.  Leon describes how baffled and angry he felt that he was encountering the same type of prejudice and threat of civil liberties that he fought against during WWII. This testimony clip is featured in the new IWitness Activity, Fighting in the Face of Racism. 
Monday, May 5, 2014
Warren Dunn, Dachau camp liberator, reflects on his school teachers while growing up in California. He describes how both teachers influenced him and how much he respected his high school teacher.
Tuesday, May 6, 2014
Brendon Phibbs, US Army liberator, remembers hearing the news that Germany surrendered and war in Europe ended on May 7, 1945.
Friday, May 23, 2014
Memorial Day in the United States commemorates the men and women who died while in the military service. US army veteran Leon Adler remembers helping mortally wounded soldiers while serving in Germany.
Monday, June 9, 2014
Ralph Leeser and his family fled to the United States from Nazi Germany in 1939. A few years later he joined the United States armed forces and helped liberate Buchenwald concentration camp. After the liberation Leeser and his fellow soldiers went to Braunau, Austria and entered Hitler's home.
Thursday, July 31, 2014
Jewish survivor Felix Flicker joined the Soviet Armed Forces in 1943. Flicker recalls arriving at Majdanek concentration camp after it was liberated in July 1944. He describes the prisoners looking like skeletons and the arrests and executions of the camp guards.
Monday, August 4, 2014
Leo Hymas, United States Armed Forces and Buchenwald camp liberator speaks only for the second time in his life about a particular combat operation in Düsseldorf, Germany. This testimony clip was featured in the lesson, Heroes, from Teaching with Testimony in the 21st Century.
Thursday, August 28, 2014
Philip Drell, a photographer with the U.S. Army Signal Corps, served with the Special Motion Picture Coverage Unit headed by film director George Stevens. In his testimony, Philip describes what he witnessed when his unit arrived at Dachau. His testimony is featured in Testimony –The Legacy of Schindler’s List and the USC Shoah Foundation.  
Thursday, October 23, 2014
Buchenwald liberator David Pollock describes why he decided to work at the United Nations after he was discharged from the Canadian military. Pollock worked for the United Nations for nearly thirty years.  
Friday, February 20, 2015
Dachau camp liberator Paul Parks recalls experiencing racial discrimination in the United States after returning home from fighting in WWII.    
Wednesday, February 25, 2015
Otari Amaglobeli, a military surgeon with the First Ukrainian Front discusses the population of Auschwitz and the medical assistance his unit provided to prisoners upon liberation on Jan. 27, 1945.
Monday, June 1, 2015
Floyd Dade explains the racial segregation of battalions during World War II. He also describes his relations with white soldiers on the battlefield.
Friday, August 7, 2015
Martin Becker fled Nazi Germany and immigrated to the United States where he later joined the Armed Forces. He speaks on his deployment to Japan including being stationed in Hiroshima only two weeks after US dropped the atomic bomb in August 1945.
Tuesday, August 11, 2015
Dachau camp liberator Barton Nagata talks about his exposure to racism in the segregated South of the United States.
Friday, August 14, 2015
United States Armed Forces veteran Leonard Lubin fought on the western front and liberated concentration camps in Austria. After war ended in Europe he waited along with his comrades to be deployed to the Pacific. He describes hearing about the atomic bombing of Japan and that war had ended in WWII when Japan surrendered to the Allies on August 15, 1945.
Tuesday, November 10, 2015
In 1971, Kenneth Colvin, United States Army Veteran was chosen to attend the Liberators Conference in Washington. Colvin describes reuniting with his fellow liberators and how they were still affected by their experiences in World War II.
Thursday, November 12, 2015
Liberator Morton Barrish talks about his reasoning for giving testimony, largely because he wanted to educate the younger generation and make the story of the Holocaust very well known.

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