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Sunday, May 5, 2013
This theme focuses on how the Nazis forced large numbers of Jews into restricted housing areas, often enforced with walls, fences, and/or guard towers. Movement in and out of the ghettos was strictly controlled and violation was punishable by death.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Erna recalls arrival and intake procedures at Auschwitz-Birkenau. She describes the fate of newly arrived internees. Erna talks about volunteering for work, a measure she employed in vain to be reunited with her parents.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor George recalls a guard who allowed George and his brother 20 minutes to find their mother inside of a camp. It was the last time they saw her.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Ellis Lewin remembers arrival at Auschwitz and separation of family members. He explains his parents' efforts to survive the selection. Gender: MaleDOB: May 22, 1932City of Birth: Lódz (Poland)Country of Birth: PolandGhettos: Lódz (Poland : Ghetto)Went into hiding: YesOther experiences: Displaced persons camps  
Sunday, May 5, 2013
"Concentration Camps" or "Labor Camps" were facilities in which people were incarcerated on the basis of their political and/or religious beliefs or ethnicity, usually without regard to due process.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Esther talks about her lack of awareness of wartime political events while hiding in Italy. She describes her liberation by members of the Jewish Brigade. Esther speaks of her struggle with identity which ensued after liberation from living in both hiding and under a false name.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Liberator James recalls 10 days of fighting Germans until they surrendered. While searching for a place for the American soldiers to stay for the night, he encountered a barrack with prisoners. He describes the horrors of those images as well as his efforts to get medical attention to the survivors.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Irene recounts her experience of being liberated by the British Army from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in April 1945. She describes that by the time of her liberation she was too sick and too desensitized by her experiences to feel any emotions even though she realized the war was over.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Liberation is typically characterized by the arrival of Allied forces. Interviewees tell of liberation from concentration camps, or during death marches, or may describe liberation upon emergence from hiding.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor In New York City on September 11, 2001, Miriam contrasts her Holocaust experiences with the events transpiring at the very time of her interview. Miriam notes her desire to protect her children and grandchildren from the hatred she experienced.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Romana describes growing up in a small Polish town after the war and how her family had to give up most of the space in their home according to Communist rule. They were forced to live together with a family that had an abusive father who tried to attack Romana and her mother.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Survivor Malka Baran remembers working with children in a displaced persons' camp and notes that it was this work that helped her resume a normal life after the Holocaust. Gender: FemaleDOB: January 30, 1927City of Birth: Warsaw (Poland)Country of Birth: PolandGhettos: Czestochowa (Poland : Ghetto)Went into hiding: NoOther experiences: displaced persons camps
Sunday, May 5, 2013
These are accounts of life after genocide—including, but not limited to, experiences after liberation from captivity or emergence from hiding—and often includes a message for future generations.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Cambodian Genocide Survivor Phansy details how she was affected by losing both her parents and children during the genocide. Born: December 10, 1950City of Birth: Phnom Penh (Cambodia)Country of birth: CambodiaCooperatives: Kandal province (Cambodia); Pursat province (Cambodia)Liberated by: Vietnamese armed forcesLiberation location: Pursat province (Cambodia)  
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Survivor of Genocide in Rwanda Emmanuel talks about the last time he saw his pregnant cousin alive. Born: January 10, 1975City of Birth: Rutonde (Rwamagana, Rwanda)In hiding: Kicukiro (Kigali, Rwanda)Liberated by: Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)Liberation location: Nyamirambo (Kigali, Rwanda)
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Survivor of Genocide in Rwanda Venuste describes losing his daughter right before his eyes. Born: 1953 City of Birth: Kabagali (Gitarama, Rwanda) In hiding: Kicukiro (Kigali, Rwanda) Liberated by: Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) Liberation location: Nyanza (Kicukiro, Kigali, Rwanda)  
Sunday, May 5, 2013
These are survivors’ accounts of losing loved ones in the midst of genocide.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish SurvivorVladka was involved in the illegal youth organization, Zukunft, which helped to clandestinely provide literature, music and education in the Warsaw ghetto. Their contributions lifted the spirits of the ghetto inhabitants and encouraged them to believe that their current situation would eventually pass.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Roma-Sinti SurvivorJulia describes how her family’s lack of awareness of war events led to their incarceration at Auschwitz II-Birkenau.Gender: FemaleDOB: 4/15/1926City of birth: EisernCountry of birth: GermanyCamps: Schlieben (Germany), Auschwitz II-Birkenau (Poland)
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish SurvivorAnita was selected to become a member of the women’s camp orchestra as a cellist. Despite being out of practice, she felt no danger in auditioning for this role since they desperately needed a cellist. Playing in the orchestra kept her safe during the war.DOB: 1/1/1925City of birth: BreslauCountry of birth: GermanyCamps: Bergen-Belsen (Germany)Other exp: prisons, identity concealment 
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish SurvivorAgnes describes her experience working in the camp hospital at Auschwitz II-Birkenau and her good fortune for her work assignment as a medical assistant. She attributes her survival to her cousin, a prisoner doctor, for giving her this opportunity.DOB: 5/3/1926City of birth: Satu MareCountry of birth: RomaniaGhettos: Satu Mare (Romania)Camps: Salzwedel (Germany), Auschwitz (Poland), Braunschweig (Germany) 
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Anna helped to smuggle gunpowder collected from the factory where her sister worked to Sonderkommando prisoners at a crematorium in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The Sonderkommando led a revolt that destroyed the crematorium, and almost all of them were killed along with Anna’s sister and three other female prisoners who helped to organize the uprising.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish SurvivorEsther points out the people who, even in those difficult war years, inspired great acts of altruism. She recognizes the courage and compassion of those who offered help to victims of the Holocaust.DOB: 6/23/1930City of birth: OsijekCountry of birth: YugoslaviaWent into hiding: YesOther exp: identity concealment 
Sunday, May 5, 2013
A collection of clips featuring women speaking about their experiences during the Holocaust and that appears in the study guide "Women and the Holocaust: Courage and Compassion," produced in partnership with the United Nations in 2011.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Mr. Rosmarin plays Schubert's Serenade on his harmonica, one of the pieces he played during his incarceration in the concentration camps. His ability to play the harmonica helped save his life during the war.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
This set of clips from the Institute's archive showcases survivors before the camera performing music that helped sustain them during the Holocaust.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Morris talks about spending Rosh Hashanah—the holiday commemorating the start of the Jewish New Year—in a labor camp in Frankfurt an der Oder in 1944. He recalls pleading with the camp barber not to shave his hair, because it was Rosh Hashanah.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor Ruth talks about the decision to fast on Yom Kippur—also known as the Day of Atonement—in Auschwitz II-Birkenau as a form of resistance. Gender: FemaleDOB: 1928City of birth: CuheaCountry of birth: RomaniaGhettos: Dragomiresti (Romania)Went into hiding: NoOther experiences: Concentration camps: Auschwitz II-Birkenau (Poland), Bergen-Belsen Germany); Displaced persons camps  
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish Holocaust Survivor While in hiding in Poland, Nechama chose to sneak into the ghetto so that she could celebrate Rosh Hashanah, pray with other Jews, and hear the shofar being blown. She recalls the atmosphere in the ghetto and her interactions with family and friends who were living in the ghetto.
Sunday, May 5, 2013
Jewish SurvivorRita describes the clandestine celebration of Kol Nidrei services on Yom Kippur in the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp. She remembers it to this day, especially during Kol Nidrei services on Yom Kippur. 

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