Edward Mosberg was born January 6, 1926, in Kraków, Poland. He had two sisters, Halina and Karolina. His parents, Bronislawa and Ludwig, owned a department store; they prayed in the Popper synagogue. A little more than a year after World War II broke out in 1939, a ghetto was established in Kraków. Ed’s immediate family, grandparents and aunt settled in one apartment there. Ed brought them food and provided much-needed employee IDs and other papers. In 1943, the Kraków ghetto was liquidated and the Mosberg family was moved to the Plaszów camp on the outskirts of Krakow. As an office worker in the camp, Ed witnessed many atrocities committed by an infamous camp commander named Amon Goeth, who would later be tried, convicted and hanged as a war criminal. The following year, Ed’s mother and sister were taken to the Nazi death camp of Auschwitz in Poland. Ed was deported a few days later, first to Auschwitz and then to Mauthausen, a concentration camp in Austria, where he performed slave labor. After liberation, he briefly returned to Poland, but was met with fierce antisemitism and moved to Belgium, where he married a woman named Cecile. The couple immigrated to the United States and had three children, seven grandchildren and two grand-grandchildren as of Ed’s USC Shoah Foundation interview in 2016. Ed became a successful real-estate developer in New Jersey and remains active in Holocaust commemoration, working with International March of the Living and appearing in two documetary films. The interview was conducted on October 2, 2016, by USC Shoah Foundation Finci-Viterbi Executive Director Stephen Smith in Morris Plains, N.J.

Edward Mosberg's testimony was recorded in 2016