Rose Kaplovitz

Rose describes her realization that the war had ended and her experience of being liberated from Ober Altstadt labor camp in Czechoslovakia in May 1945. Rose Kaplovitz was born Rozia Zaks on September 6, 1930, in Sosnowiec, Poland. Rose remembers her childhood in the Jewish community on the Polish-German border as relatively happy and secure. However, on the second day of the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, Rose witnessed her brother’s execution by German officers. In 1942, Rose and other family members were moved to the Sosnowiec ghetto while her two older sisters were sent for forced labor in Ober Altstadt, Czechoslovakia. Through information gleaned from the sisters’ postcards, Rose’s parents decided it was safer to volunteer thirteen-year-old Rose to join her sisters in the labor camp, where she worked spinning thread for two years. Rose and her sisters were liberated by the Soviet Army in May 1945. After learning the rest of their family had been murdered in Auschwitz-Birkenau, the three sisters were able to join a children’s transport to the United States in September 1947. At the time of her interview in 1995, Rose was living with her husband, fellow survivor Henry Kaplovitz, in Florida and had three children.

Language: English