• May 21, 2008: The Italian Government issued the Decree on the Nomad Emergency to be applied in the regions of Lazio, Campania and Lombardy (later extended to Piedmont and Veneto). This emergency legislation included extraordinary measures to be implemented on an ethnic basis, such as the taking of fingerprints (even of minors) and a census of all persons living in nomad camps.
• April 5, 2012: The European Commission issued a Communication entitled “An EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020”(COM 2011/173) inviting Member States to present their plans for the inclusion of Roma and Sinti people.
• November 16, 2011: The Italian Council of State (in its ruling no. 6050) declared the government proclaimed state of emergency as illegitimate.
• February 28, 2012: The Italian Minister for Integration, Andrea Riccardi, launched a “National Strategy for the Inclusion of Roma, Sinti and Travellers into Italian Society.”