C&H_Flight to China_CN

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C&H_Flight to China_CN

On July 7, 1937, the Japanese attack Wanping on the outskirts of Beijing, and the second Sino-Japanese War begins. The Japanese quickly take Beijing and capture Tianjin (Tientsin). Savage fighting breaks out in Shanghai on August 13, which falls to Japan by late December. Initially, Japan continues a policy of open immigration to Shanghai. The November Pogrom (November 9, 1938) in Germany dramatically increases the number of German Jews entering Shanghai. Over 1,500 refugees arrive by the end of December 1938, and the number reaches 4,000 three months later. In August 1938, prominent Jewish residents of Shanghai form the International Committee for Granting Relief to European Refugees (IC). Between June and August 1939, 14,000 Jewish refugees arrive in Shanghai. On August 9, 1939, Japan initiates the first restriction on immigration, which ultimately limits the total number of refugees residing in Shanghai to between 17,000 and 18,000.

Language: Mandarin

Henry describes his flight from Berlin, Germany, to Shanghai, China, in summer 1940 and recalls the family members he left behind.

  • Language: Mandarin

    Henry describes his flight from Berlin, Germany, to Shanghai, China, in summer 1940 and recalls the family members he left behind.

  • Language: Mandarin

  • Language: Mandarin