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Boris Markhovskii remembers the February Revolution

English translation:

"But the Revolution changed everything. Impoverished Jews, including my father, threw themselves into the Revolution. Why did they throw themselves into the Revolution? Jews were deprived of any rights. There was the Pale of Settlement in the Russian Empire: a Jew could not stay at Petersburg or Moscow for more than 24 hours without a special permit. Jews could not also live in big cities. In [190]5, they began to expel Jews from villages as well. In the classic series Tevye the Dairyman [by Sholem Aleichem], we see how they expelled Jews from there. So, - why I’m talking about it, - Jews threw themselves into the Revolution. They did not also have a right for education. Only some of them, those who were rich, merchants of the first guild, could get an education, but most Jews did not have any rights and privileges. That’s why Jews threw themselves into the Revolution, including my father. When the Revolution began, he was the first one who climbed up and tore off a portrait of Czar Nicolas from a distillery [wall]."


Boris Markhovskii was born in 1935 in Bershad’, then Soviet Union (today Ukraine). In 1941, he was incarcerated in Bershad’ ghetto and was liberated in 1944. Boris discusses the reasons why impoverished Jews supported the Revolution and his father’s participation in the February Revolution. Particularly, he talks about discrimination against Jewish and the Pale of Settlement in the Russian Empire.

Mariia Ivanovna Egorycheva-Glagoleva on the February Revolution

English Translation of testimony clip:

“The February Revolution, - that’s how I perceived it being a girl, - was a celebration. It was a fraternization! It was a jubilation! The bonds of an old order were broken: [before] you were not allowed to do this and that. If you were a nobleman, you were allowed to do everything, but if you were a burgess, you were deprived of everything. There were a lot of ties and bonds. But [the Revolution], it was such a liberation and joy! [People] were fraternizing!”

Mariia Ivanovna Egorycheva-Glagoleva was born in 1903 in Kiev, then Russian Empire (today Kyiv, Ukraine). In 1941, when Nazis occupied Kiev, Mariia with her mother, sisters, and uncle hid her Jewish sister-in-law and niece and Jewish friends and helped them to get false papers. In 1992, Yad Vashem recognized Mariia and other members of her family as Righteous Among the Nations. In February 1917, she was 13 years old. She remembers her feelings about the Revolution and compares them to the October Revolution.

Family Photographs - Babi Yar
Zakhar Trubakov
Mirgazim Sabirov 3

Міргазім Сабіров розповідає про чоловіка, що уцілів після розстрілу у Бабиному Яру.

Mirgazim Sabirov 2

Міргазім Сабіров розповідає про масовий розстріл у Бабиному Яру  і про те, як його батьки переховували від німців єврейську родину.

Mirgazim Sabirov 1

Міргазім Сабіров розповідає про те, як проводжав друга до Бабиного яру.

Dina Levina 3

Діна Левіна розповідає про масовий розстріл у Бабиному Яру і про те, як вночі вибралася з яру.

Dina Levina 2

Діна Левіна розповідає про те, як у людей відбирали документи та речі у Бабиному Яру.

Dina Levina 1

Діна Левіна розповідає про те, як її родина пішла до Бабиного яру 29 вересня 1941 року.