Genocide Against the Tutsis in Rwanda

In 2013, the Visual History Archive expanded beyond the Holocaust for the first time, taking in 86 audiovisual testimonies of survivors and witnesses of the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. That set of atrocities claimed as many as one million lives over the course of about 100 days in 1994 when government-backed militias of ethnic Hutus went on a mass killing spree targeting the country’s next largest ethnic group, the Tutsis.

Compiling the testimonies has been a group effort
The Institute has been working with Rwandan organizations on genocide-related projects since 2007. Partners on the initiative to gather testimonies as part of the Rwanda Archive and Education Program include Aegis Trust, the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre and others. USC Shoah Foundation is also working with Aegis Trust Rwanda and the Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies on the Gacaca Project to digitize and preserve 12,000 Gacaca Court case files – 60 million documents that were created after the 1994 Rwandan Tutsi Genocide.
Genocide survivor Freddy Mutanguha on saying goodbye to his mother
In this clip from his full-length testimony, Freddy Mutanguha recalls seeing his mother for the last time.